Social Security Work Incentives

The Federal government’s Social Security Administration (SSA) offers two programs that pay disability benefits: The Social Security Disability Insurance program (SSDI) and the Supplemental Security Income program (SSI). Here’s how they compare:

  • SSDI provides benefits to people who are blind or disabled, have worked, and have paid money into the Social Security system. Their dependents can also get benefits. SSDI recipients get Medicare health insurance after a two-year waiting period.
  • SSI provides benefits to people who are elderly, blind, or disabled, and who have limited assets and low incomes. SSI recipients automatically get Medicaid health insurance.

Both SSDI and SSI offer special incentives to help you go to work. The incentives can make it safe for you to try working and gradually increase your income. Some incentives may help you even if you can only work a little. VocRehab recommends you work closely with a benefits counselor before using these work incentives.

Over time, your income may grow enough to allow you to get off benefits entirely — but this will be your own choice to make. Remember, you have your own unique needs and goals. That’s why it’s important to work with a benefits counselor who can help you plan and track any changes in your earnings and benefits.

SSDI Incentives

SSI Incentives


Contact Us

Diane Dalmasse, Division Director
HC 2 South, 280 State Drive
Waterbury, VT 05671-2040
Voice/TTY: 1-866-VRWORKS (1-866-879-6757)
Fax: (802) 241-0341
For Telecommunications Relay Service: Dial 711


This is a Division of the
Department of Disabilities, Aging and Independent Living
under the Agency of Human Services

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