Pre-Employment Transition Services (Pre-ETS)

VocRehab Transition Counselors and Youth Employment Specialists from the Vermont Association of Business Industry and Rehabilitation (VABIR) work in collaboration with high schools across the state to provide Pre-Employment Transition Services to students with disabilities who are transitioning from school to postsecondary education and employment.

What is Pre-ETS?

Pre-employment services are a component of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act which is an amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. These services are available to students with disabilities who are 14 to 21 years old, and include the following five required activities:

  • Job exploration counseling;
  • Work-based learning experiences, which may include in-school or after school opportunities, experiences outside of the traditional school setting, and/or internships;
  • Counseling on opportunities for enrollment in comprehensive transition or postsecondary educational programs;
  • Workplace readiness training to develop social skills and independent living; and
  • Instruction in self-advocacy.

Please visit the Workforce Innovation Technical Assistance Center (WINTAC) website for additional information.

Who provides Pre-ETS?

  • VR Transition Counselors (Master’s level) work with secondary students in schools across the state to provide Pre-ETS services.
  • VABIR Youth Employment Specialists (YES) work in partnership with Transition Counselors to provide a progression of work experiences and create a link to the business community.
  • Twelve (12) local Core Transition Teams facilitate effective partnerships and collaborations between special educators, work-based learning coordinators, 504 coordinators, post-secondary programs, and community partners.

How are Pre-ETS delivered?

VocRehab’s Transition Program:

  • Offers Pre-ETS activities in groups and/or individually during the school year in collaboration with school staff; this may include work readiness skills, resume and cover letter writing, and career exploration.
  • Offers summer activities to include workshops, career exploration groups, work-based learning (WBL) and short-term employment.
  • Collaborates with Vermont Center for Independent Living to facilitate self-advocacy training and peer mentoring within the schools.
  • Collaborates with Vermont Family Network to facilitate engagement with families and provide information around transition through the Transition Toolkit.

For more information about our VR Transition Program contact Tara Howe by email or at (802) 839-9399


Contact Us

Diane Dalmasse, Division Director
HC 2 South, 280 State Drive
Waterbury, VT 05671-2040
Voice/TTY: 1-866-VRWORKS (1-866-879-6757)
Fax: (802) 241-0341
For Telecommunications Relay Service: Dial 711


This is a Division of the
Department of Disabilities, Aging and Independent Living
under the Agency of Human Services

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